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Pokémon (an abbreviation for Pocket Monsters in Japan) is a Japanese media franchise managed by The Pokémon Company, founded by Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures. The franchise was created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996, and is centered around fictional creatures called “Pokémon”. In Pokémon, Pokémon Trainers are people who catch, train, care for, and battle with Pokémon. The English slogan for the franchise is “Gotta Catch ‘Em All!”.There are currently 1008 Pokémon species.

Every Pokemon is found from Pokedex (pokemon.com).

The Pokémon Trading Card Game is a strategy-based card game that is usually played on a designated play-mat where two players (assuming the role of Pokémon trainer) use their Pokémon to battle each other. Each player plays one Pokémon onto the field and attacks their opponent’s Pokémon. A Pokémon that has sustained enough damage from attacks–that reaches or exceeds its HP–is referred to as being “Knocked Out”. For each of the opponent’s “Knocked Out” Pokémon the victor scores 1 Prize Card, although some special card mechanics grant up to 2 or 3 Prize cards in accordance with their higher hierarchy. Prize cards are primary win conditions, with the possession of six Prize cards being an instantaneous win. Other ways to win are by “Knocking Out” all the Pokémon the opponent has on their Bench (i.e. the row behind the Active Spot, fighting Pokémon that houses five additional Pokémon to supplant the Active Pokémon if it retreats or is “Knocked Out”) so the opponent has no Pokémon left, or if at the opponent’s turn there are no cards left to draw into their deck.

Card types
All Pokémon cards depict one or multiple Pokémon from the Pokémon video games series, and they specifies a name, an elemental type, attacks and/or Ability, and a certain amounts of HP. Basic Pokémon are Pokémon that have not evolved and thus can be played directly onto the Bench. Each player may have up to six Pokémon in play at a time: one in the Active Spot and up to five on the Bench.[4]

Energy cards are attached to the Active or Benched Pokémon to power their attacks. Only one Energy card may be attached per turn, unless a player possesses a card that specifies otherwise. There are two main categories of Energy cards: Basic Energy and Special Energy. The nine different Basic Energy types, which correspond to Pokémon card types, are Grass, Fire, Water, Lightning, Psychic, Fighting, Darkness, Metal, Fairy, and Colorless. The Dragon type do not have their corresponding Energy card and instead use other types of Energy cards. Basic Energy cards are used only to fulfill costs for attacking and retreating, while Special Energy cards have additional usages. Most attacks require a certain type and amount of Energy. If the attack has a Colorless Energy requirement, then that requirement can be met by any Energy card.

Trainer cards perform various functions to affect the game, for example healing Pokémon, discarding energy from the opposing Pokémon or retrieving cards from the discard pile. Before the Diamond & Pearl expansion, all cards that were not Pokémon or Energy were considered Trainer cards. Trainers have since been subdivided into categories. Item cards directly affect the battling Pokémon, Tool cards are attached to a Pokémon and modify their features, Stadium cards affect the entire field, and Supporters are more powerful Items, only one of which can be played per turn.

Other interesting Trading Card Games can be found from here: Warhammer Age of Sigmar and Game of Thrones LCG.